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Participatory videos for community development. Lessons from the Nepalese Himalayan Mountains

November 27, 2018 annavonsury Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.3 out of 5

Pimmer Christoph      Urs_Web_06     ZAHND Alexander_4 (1 of 1)

The use of participatory videos to document and share knowledge is gaining traction in development cooperation and community development. But can we leverage these videos in very remote areas with mostly illiterate people? Yes, we can. Here are insights and recommendations from using participatory videos in Nepalese Himalayan Mountains to support the development of community infrastructure projects, such as building drinking water systems and greenhouses.

By Christoph Pimmer and Urs Gröhbiel, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Alex Zahnd, RIDS-Nepal/Switzerland

 

Recent technological developments have led to a sharp increase in the use of participatory videos in development cooperation. In our project, we sought to find out more about how to leverage these videos in marginalised and very remote settings with mostly illiterate populations.

Approach: Local video production and dissemination

The project takes place in the Syada, a Nepalese village in the remote north-west district of Humla. It is located at 2’750 meters above sea level and is typically reached through a 10-day trek. The videos were produced by a local cameraman in cooperation with members from the Swiss-Nepalese NGO RIDS-Nepal/ Switzerland. The intensive co-production played out in the form of face-to-face meetings, e-mail and Skype communication. One of the initial challenges was to agree on the notion of an instructive video because this concept was completely unknown in project settings.

The videos feature local people who explain benefits of community projects, such as building and maintaining drinking water systems and high-altitude greenhouses. In addition, villagers demonstrate how to carry out building and maintenance works in a step-by-step process.

Syanda

Syada

People handling the tablet PC (© A. Zahnd)

People handling the tablet PC (© A. Zahnd)

 

Benefits: heightened interest, learning and practice gains

In the first practice-based evaluation, we used a mix of simple, qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate how local people would …

  • handle the videos on tablet PCs,
  • use videos to accomplish concrete, manual tasks (e.g. regarding the building of a drinking water system)
  • learn from the videos which were screened on handheld projectors in community meetings

The findings suggest that, after a short demonstration, most people handled videos on the tablet PCs well, which included steps from switching on the tablet to finding, playing and pausing the video.  Ourevaluation also confirmed that the videos allowed small groups of workers to learn and carry out concrete manual and analytical tasks regarding relevant building and maintenance works. Finally, the public screening of the videos in community meetings attracted huge interest: the five events were frequented by nearly 400 people.  The videos were received very well and stimulated public discussions about the development needs of the village. Another effect was increased awareness and knowledge, as found by selectively evaluating the community’s understanding of the topics through questions after the screening.

Video screening during community meeting © A. Zahnd

Video screening during community meeting © A. Zahnd

 

Insights and lessons learned

Anecdotal evidence suggests that it is especially the use of narrative elements, testimonies and good practice examples from local families that enhanced the persuasive power of the videos. Another lesson is that the videos are unlikely to unfold their full potential if used as standalone resources. Instead, they should be embedded in existing training and community eventsand blended with discussions and/or practical tasks.

Perhaps the videos’ greatest value is that they promote the participation of groups, such as females, older and illiterate people, in learning and community events from which they are usually excluded. It was particularly illiterate women who provided a highly positive feedback. Speech and visual demonstrations helped them to grasp the key messages, and, in so doing, alleviated illiteracy constraints and allowed them to be more active members in the communities’ awareness and knowledge building practices. This can be seen as an element of democratising community development and learning. However, in the concrete handling of the technologies these groups were disadvantaged, especially because they had no prior experience with mobile phones. It is thus important that in future efforts they receive particular support and guidance in the use of mobile technology.

At the moment, the project is in the process of developing and using videos on greenhouses, which will be evaluated next spring.

 

Resources and further reading

 

 

How to find stories for your blog post, newsletter, report, workshop, presentation

January 18, 2018 Blog Admin Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.7 out of 5

Nadia

Remembering stories is a powerful skill. Including a story into the opening of a workshop, an e-discussion or your next presentation engages your audience. People love reading stories in blog post or newsletters; the stories allow you to underline your point. But how can you find stories? This blog shares 10 simple ways to retrace, notice, collect or reactivate stories.

 Nadia von Holzen, Learning Moments

 

 

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Interviews Part II: Vom guten Fragen & Unterbrechen

November 14, 2017 Natalie Frei Methods & Tools, SDC Experiences

Rating: 4.4 out of 5

IMG_3667

Nach dem Vorgespräch fängt die Arbeit erst richtig an. Wie muss ich fragen, um die gewünschten Antworten zu erhalten? Wie steige ich ein und wie unterbreche ich? Dieser Blog behandelt das Vorgehen beim eigentlichen Interview.

Hansjörg Enz

 
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Interviews Part I: Kein Interview ohne Vorgespräch

November 07, 2017 Natalie Frei Methods & Tools, SDC Experiences

Rating: 4.7 out of 5

IMG_3667Besser ein Videointerview als ein hundertseitiger Bericht. Aber die Aufmerksamkeitsspanne ist auch bei Videos eher kurz, deshalb müssen sie gut geplant und durchdacht sein, damit die Zuschauer nicht wegklicken. Eines der wichtigsten Instrumente für ein gelungenes Interview ist das Vorgespräch.

Hansjörg Enz (more…)

Creating common ground for working together – what it needs and why it matters

May 17, 2017 Blog Admin Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

Jany picture

Nadia

Workshop space is precious space we want to use wisely. Creating the right conditions is the facilitator’s job. It is part of the design process to think about how to create these conditions and the ambiance conducive for working and learning together in a productive and inspiring way. In this blog post, we share our reflection on what it takes and why it matters to create a common ground for working together.

By Jany Barraut, Beyond Boundaries and Nadia von Holzen, Learning Moments (more…)

Infographics , why bother?

May 03, 2017 Natalie Frei Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.8 out of 5

Portrait_Gabriela MontorziInfographics are great visual tools for clearly communicating complex issues. They transform concepts into accessible and concrete messages. They highlight key information, improve practical observation and reveal connections not visible otherwise. (1)

By Gabriela Montorzi, Scientific Infographics (more…)

Mind map = c’est penser avec stylo

April 26, 2017 Blog Admin Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

Nadia

Une mind map – carte mentale ou heuristique – ressemble à un couteau suisse : c’est attractif et pratique. Cette méthodologie visuelle ne passe pas de mode. Elle est toujours moderne, attrayante, puissante.  Qui plus est, c’est facile et rapide. Finalement, sa dimension visuelle permet d’identifier les connexions et les schémas ce qui sert de base pour agir.

Nadia von Holzen, Learning Moments (more…)

Let’s Draw

February 01, 2017 Blog Admin Let's Talk Visual

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

Caro van LeeuwenWhen I started my internship at SDC I’d never have thought that drawing would become so important in my work. Sometimes you just don’t find material to visualize what you want to say. This makes me grab my pencil and draw – and it adds a new twist to the presentation! You say you don’t have the talent to draw? Try and exercise and you will see: it is not that difficult. This video is meant to encourage you to discover your drawing skills, too! 

Caro Van Leeuwen, SDC (more…)

Communicating innovative ideas with video

December 01, 2016 Leonie Pock Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.5 out of 5

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The play button is the most compelling call to action on the web” says Michael Litt, CEO and co-founder of Vidyard, a platform hosting business video content for distribution to websites and social channels. Not very surprising quote considering his position, you may say. But the success of the company reflects also the importance of video not only in marketing but also in other forms of communication. In this blog post, we want to have a closer look at the benefits of video in communication and introduce Lightbulb – a new format for sharing new and innovative learning experiences of SDC collaborators, units and networks. By Leonie Pock

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Value-creation stories for monitoring the value of networks

November 01, 2016 Leonie Pock Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.3 out of 5

Beverly Wenger-TraynerIn SDC learning is taking place in the networks – learning about approaches, about experiences and about good practices. The networks meet regularly in f2f-events in order to engage in this learning. But does it have an effect? What is the outcome of these events? By Beverly Wenger-Trayner, co-author of the Value Creation Framework

 

 

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11½ ideas when to use a digital story

July 13, 2016 Blog-Admin1 Change Stories, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

ECC PCL VONNA

We made stories. Making stories is great learning. This we know, this we experienced. Using stories is the next step. In knowledge communication there are many options to integrate digital stories into sharing and learning processes.  In this blog post we collected 11 ½ ideas for you how to use your story or stories created by your colleagues.

Carmen Eckert, Leonie Pock and Nadia von Holzen, SDC (more…)

Dare to facilitate

May 25, 2016 Blog-Admin1 Change Stories, Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.5 out of 5

Nadia

Facilitation is (also) a question of confidence, of daring to “stand there” and to be the facilitator. But first facilitation is a question of good preparation and of getting the 3 Ps clear: purpose, people and process. The key task of a facilitator is helping the organisers to clarify the purpose of the workshop, to understand people’s needs and questions, and to design a good process that is interactive, relevant and meaningful. 

Nadia von Holzen, SDC 

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Physical Design of Space to Support Learning

May 18, 2016 Leonie Pock Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

Polona SirnikJana Repanšek_smallLearning being in the center of our work, we are constantly thinking of innovative ways to   bring it to the next level. Based on our substantial study of theories of learning and change, we about a year ago decided to devote our attention to the question of how physical design of the environment supports learning. We have teamed up with an architect to help us translate our understanding of learning into the physical design of our lobby that became an important part of our learning space.

By Polona Sirnik and Jana Repanšek, Center of Excellence in Finance (CEF)

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Kanban – an amazing technique to get a grip on your work

April 26, 2016 Leonie Pock Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.8 out of 5

nadjaschnetzler_1321302641_63Kanban is a Japanese word which signifies «visual signal». In the industry, for instance in car production kanbans are used to singnalize important information in the workflow: When do I need to reorder materials, for instance. The idea of kanban has spread to other industries in the last 15 years. Two pioneers of kanban in knowledge work are David Anderson and Jim Benson. They started using kanban to optimize the flow of work for individuals, teams or whole organisations. If you are interested in their work, you can read «Personal Kanban» by Jim Benson and Tonianne de Maria Barry or «Kanban – successful evolutionary change for your organisaton» by David Anderson. Using kanban for your own individual work is fairly straightforward and easy. What is demanding is to keep using it and evolving with it. 

By Nadja Schnetzler

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Are you preparing social reporting for your next face-to-face meeting? Here are 6 points to remember

March 09, 2016 Leonie Pock Methods & Tools, SDC Networks

Rating: 4.8 out of 5

Nadia von HolzenThe idea behind social reporting during a learning event is not only to jointly produce a report and reach out to a wider audience. The beauty of social reporting is that it adds an additional layer of reflection to the workshop conversation. This blog post gives some tips how to include participants and how to make the task of the social reporting team doable and meaningful. The most important of the 6 tips is: Prepare what you can prepare and be flexible at the workshop.

Nadia von Holzen, SDC

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Joint Learning on Pastoralism – a process of experience capitalization among SDC Programme Officers

March 03, 2016 Leonie Pock Methods & Tools, SDC Experiences

Rating: 4.5 out of 5

Manuel Flury SDC Programme Officers of West Africa and the Horn of Africa engaged in a joint learning process on pastoralism. In a series of meetings they collected, synthesized and exchanged experiences in eight key topics of this area. Manuel Flury and Charlotte Nager take a step back and reflect about the added value and the limitations of such an experience capitalization process.

By Manuel Flury, SDC, Addis Ababa and Charlotte Nager, SDC, Berne

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Documenting the process: The long road to a good story

December 23, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools, SDC Experiences, SDC Networks

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

Hynek X-masThis post tells the story of documenting a learning process. The initiative to systematize experiences in the area of pastoralism was launched in collaboration with the Agriculture and Food Security network. The Learning & Networking team decided to document exactly this process. Two ‘reporters’, Charlotte Nager and Hynek Bures, joined the workshop in Kenia, where around 20 people gathered to learn from each others’ experiences in the field of pastoralism. While the participants were involved in thematic thinking the two ‘reporters’ added an additional layer of reflection. This challenging endeavor will hopefully inspire future stories about learning.

By Hynek Bures, dubbed perceptions (more…)

Creative Facilitation – an inspiring book for facilitators

November 18, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.5 out of 5

Nadia

The new facilitation book by Viv McWaters and Johnnie Moore for designing and conducting inspiring and creative meetings is available online. It is a book about the art of facilitation. The book is an invitation to reflect our role and our understanding as facilitators. It is not a book about techniques; it is a book about BEING the facilitator.

By Nadia von Holzen, SDC

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Sharing knowledge and experiences: create events that inspire and set free energy for work

October 07, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.8 out of 5

My personal social media storyLet’s create learning events that really generate motivation and impulses for our work! This blog post suggests three approaches how to plan for more inspiring and powerful events: ask more than you tell; inquire one case deeply; and make it a learning experience for all senses.

Corinne Sprecher, Agridea

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How to make sense in a complex environment

September 23, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

During a 4 days-training, Dave Snowden, the founder of Cognitive Edge, introduced his audience to the challenges, risks and opportunities of working in complex environments. With the Cynefin-framework he proposes a tool to get a better understanding of the working environment and the appropriate strategies in order to be effective. Collecting stories from all the involved stakeholders is in his view the only way for making sense.

By Charlotte Nager, SDC (more…)

Learning together – what it needs and what it means

August 26, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.7 out of 5
Thank you for voting!

Nadia von HolzenBringing together 95 learning practitioners does not provide a guarantee to joint learning nor community forming. Learning together needs space for joint inquiry and deliberation. Learning together needs true and deep conversations. Conversations are connecting and connections are the condition for deep conversations.

 Nadia von Holzen, SDC
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Challenged by planning a learning event? Make it easy and visual with ‘Design for Wiser Action’

July 29, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools, SDC Experiences

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

SKU-WSJ-VONNAPlanning and designing a workshop involves many aspects; and often many people too. A visual planning canvas might be the right approach to make the first crucial move. Bring the organizing team, the core group or the mandate giver to the table and do the planning jointly.

By Nadia von Holzen, Mirjam Walser and Kuno Schläfli, SDC

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Meetings can be done differently: The Flipchart–Chat

July 22, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.4 out of 5

Corinne-SprecherMeetings can be fun, interactive and productive. The ‘flipchart-chat’ is a good way to really discuss a hot issue at your next staff meeting.

Corinne Sprecher, Agridea (more…)

Knowledge Café for conversations that matter

July 08, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.7 out of 5
Thank you for voting!

SKU-WSJ-VONNA

“It is fundamental to have conversations with each other.” These are the words of David Gurteen, the founder of the Knowledge Café. A Knowledge Café is a simple process allowing people to engage in meaningful conversations to have deeper insights, to understand issues that are complex and challenging and to be in the position to make better decisions.

By Kuno Schläfli, Mirjam Walser and Nadia von Holzen, SDC (more…)

The Beauty of Mind Maps

June 10, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.7 out of 5

Nadia von HolzenThe beauty of a mind map is its simplicity. You can do it almost everywhere. In its basic form all you need is paper and pen. The process of visualizing a question is powerful. Mind maps help thinking and keep conversations focused.

Nadia von Holzen, SDC

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