sdclan


 

Participatory videos for community development. Lessons from the Nepalese Himalayan Mountains

November 27, 2018 annavonsury Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.3 out of 5

Pimmer Christoph      Urs_Web_06     ZAHND Alexander_4 (1 of 1)

The use of participatory videos to document and share knowledge is gaining traction in development cooperation and community development. But can we leverage these videos in very remote areas with mostly illiterate people? Yes, we can. Here are insights and recommendations from using participatory videos in Nepalese Himalayan Mountains to support the development of community infrastructure projects, such as building drinking water systems and greenhouses.

By Christoph Pimmer and Urs Gröhbiel, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Alex Zahnd, RIDS-Nepal/Switzerland

 

Recent technological developments have led to a sharp increase in the use of participatory videos in development cooperation. In our project, we sought to find out more about how to leverage these videos in marginalised and very remote settings with mostly illiterate populations.

Approach: Local video production and dissemination

The project takes place in the Syada, a Nepalese village in the remote north-west district of Humla. It is located at 2’750 meters above sea level and is typically reached through a 10-day trek. The videos were produced by a local cameraman in cooperation with members from the Swiss-Nepalese NGO RIDS-Nepal/ Switzerland. The intensive co-production played out in the form of face-to-face meetings, e-mail and Skype communication. One of the initial challenges was to agree on the notion of an instructive video because this concept was completely unknown in project settings.

The videos feature local people who explain benefits of community projects, such as building and maintaining drinking water systems and high-altitude greenhouses. In addition, villagers demonstrate how to carry out building and maintenance works in a step-by-step process.

Syanda

Syada

People handling the tablet PC (© A. Zahnd)

People handling the tablet PC (© A. Zahnd)

 

Benefits: heightened interest, learning and practice gains

In the first practice-based evaluation, we used a mix of simple, qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate how local people would …

  • handle the videos on tablet PCs,
  • use videos to accomplish concrete, manual tasks (e.g. regarding the building of a drinking water system)
  • learn from the videos which were screened on handheld projectors in community meetings

The findings suggest that, after a short demonstration, most people handled videos on the tablet PCs well, which included steps from switching on the tablet to finding, playing and pausing the video.  Ourevaluation also confirmed that the videos allowed small groups of workers to learn and carry out concrete manual and analytical tasks regarding relevant building and maintenance works. Finally, the public screening of the videos in community meetings attracted huge interest: the five events were frequented by nearly 400 people.  The videos were received very well and stimulated public discussions about the development needs of the village. Another effect was increased awareness and knowledge, as found by selectively evaluating the community’s understanding of the topics through questions after the screening.

Video screening during community meeting © A. Zahnd

Video screening during community meeting © A. Zahnd

 

Insights and lessons learned

Anecdotal evidence suggests that it is especially the use of narrative elements, testimonies and good practice examples from local families that enhanced the persuasive power of the videos. Another lesson is that the videos are unlikely to unfold their full potential if used as standalone resources. Instead, they should be embedded in existing training and community eventsand blended with discussions and/or practical tasks.

Perhaps the videos’ greatest value is that they promote the participation of groups, such as females, older and illiterate people, in learning and community events from which they are usually excluded. It was particularly illiterate women who provided a highly positive feedback. Speech and visual demonstrations helped them to grasp the key messages, and, in so doing, alleviated illiteracy constraints and allowed them to be more active members in the communities’ awareness and knowledge building practices. This can be seen as an element of democratising community development and learning. However, in the concrete handling of the technologies these groups were disadvantaged, especially because they had no prior experience with mobile phones. It is thus important that in future efforts they receive particular support and guidance in the use of mobile technology.

At the moment, the project is in the process of developing and using videos on greenhouses, which will be evaluated next spring.

 

Resources and further reading

 

 

K4D and the Trouble of Measuring Impact

April 21, 2017 Natalie Frei Change Stories, Learning Elsewhere

Rating: 4.5 out of 5

quadraticAt the beginning of April, Knowledge Managers from diverse backgrounds travelled to Geneva to witness the formal inauguration of the Knowledge for Development (K4D) Partnership and to honor the UN Joint Inspection Unit’s (JIU) report on Knowledge Management in the United Nations system. There was a broad consensus that the lack of ways to measure impact inhibits the potential of knowledge management and that the community needs to raise awareness for the importance of KM in preventing reinventions of the wheel.

By Natalie Frei, SDC

(more…)

Communicating innovative ideas with video

December 01, 2016 Leonie Pock Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.5 out of 5

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

The play button is the most compelling call to action on the web” says Michael Litt, CEO and co-founder of Vidyard, a platform hosting business video content for distribution to websites and social channels. Not very surprising quote considering his position, you may say. But the success of the company reflects also the importance of video not only in marketing but also in other forms of communication. In this blog post, we want to have a closer look at the benefits of video in communication and introduce Lightbulb – a new format for sharing new and innovative learning experiences of SDC collaborators, units and networks. By Leonie Pock

(more…)

Physical Design of Space to Support Learning

May 18, 2016 Leonie Pock Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.6 out of 5

Polona SirnikJana Repanšek_smallLearning being in the center of our work, we are constantly thinking of innovative ways to   bring it to the next level. Based on our substantial study of theories of learning and change, we about a year ago decided to devote our attention to the question of how physical design of the environment supports learning. We have teamed up with an architect to help us translate our understanding of learning into the physical design of our lobby that became an important part of our learning space.

By Polona Sirnik and Jana Repanšek, Center of Excellence in Finance (CEF)

(more…)

White water rafting with Duncan Green

June 23, 2015 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere

Rating: 4.5 out of 5

In an inspiring speech at the Annual Meeting of learn4dev, Duncan Green, senior advisor of Oxfam GB, compared the environment in which we are going to work in the post-2015-landscape to white water rafting. The landscape changes – new actors emerge, CSO, private sector, new donors -, the challenges may be others than we perceive them to be, and we do not have the appropriate solutions to emerging challenges.

By Charlotte Nager, SDC

New challenges

(more…)

How to recreate the face-to-face magic every day?

December 18, 2013 Blog-Admin1 Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools, SDC Networks

Rating: none

Hynek

Face to face meetings are magic moments in a network’s life, full of life, interaction and social weaving. How can networks hold this vibrancy after the face to face meetings? “By creating a virtual face to face ambience,” says Hynek Bures. “With the Internet and today’s social media your colleague actually sits next door.”

By Hynek Bureš, dubbed perceptions

(more…)

Take up a challenge – visualise democracy!

December 04, 2013 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere, Methods & Tools

Rating: none

Snezana

Have you ever tried to imagine democracy? How does it look like? Do you see it as close as your neighbourhood or as far as the national state? We posed similar questions to more than 20 citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. They were challenged to revoke, analyse and visualise very intimate relationships in the society and their bonds with the state. This process created new spaces for people – space for revoking personal stories, space for visualisation of experiences, space for learning, space for establishing relationships, and space for deepening knowledge about democracy.

By Snezana Mišić Mihajlović,  Centre for Management, Development and Planning, Doboj, Bosnia and Herzegovina

(more…)

Where the action is – with learning apps

October 30, 2013 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere, Methods & Tools

Rating: 2.7 out of 5

 Katrin HansDaniel StollerLouisa Nigg

 

 

 

Mobile devices are booming. Around the world, in the global South, North, East and West people are using smart phones. And with the mobile devices apps are becoming more and more popular. Learning apps are an ideal form of learning for “homo mobilis”, the mobile human being. For example on Human Rights: Do you know what Human Rights Watch does? Or where the original manuscript of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is kept? Learning apps link theoretical and historical knowledge to actual events.

By Katrin Hans, Daniel Stoller-Schai and Louisa Nigg, LerNetz, Switzerland (more…)

Facebook as a learning tool?

October 16, 2013 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere, Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.7 out of 5

Can Facebook and similar tools help communities to learn? “Yes!” say Christoph Pimmer and Urs Gröhbiel, two researchers who have investigated the use of mobile phones and social software by medical students, doctors and midwives in Nepal and South-Africa. They challenge coordinators and project leaders to consider the potential of social mobile media in their projects, for reporting, networking and knowledge-exchange.

By Urs Gröhbiel and Christoph Pimmer, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland

FHNW in discussion

Photo: Apprentice bricklayers with Chirsthoph Pimmer (middle) and Urs Gröhbiel (right) in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

(more…)

Time out for fresh thinking

July 10, 2013 Blog-Admin1 Let's Talk Visual

Rating: none

Alp Morgeten, July 2013

Share

Why every presentation should be a little drama…

June 19, 2013 bit-wartung Methods & Tools

Rating: none

In the implementation process of the SRC Knowledge Management Concept the Inter- national Department of the Swiss Red Cross works on cooperation approaches and working methods. In a recent lunch time event with the title “presenting with inspiration” we were coached by an improvisation theatre specialist (Frank Renold, theatre anundpfirsich) on how drama can inspire our presentations. And how we can make our messages stick thanks to a little more drama in our presentations… (more…)

Social Reporting – Behind the Scenes

September 11, 2012 LND Methods & Tools

Rating: none

CarmenRiffNadiaNaraSocial Reporting on and from face-to-face meetings of SDC’s networks became a trendy practice. This blog post looks behind the scenes and reflects on three questions: What is actually Social Reporting? What makes it social? And is it worth the effort? (more…)

Peter Point’s Dream – Powerpoint Presentations and its Pitfalls

September 04, 2012 LND Let's Talk Visual, Methods & Tools

Rating: none

NadiaNadia

Today’s blog post invites you to pause for a second and to think about one of the most used tools of everyday office life. Powerpoint. What once was considered a revolution in presentation technique today often turns out to be a threat to every knowledge transfer. With a short comic strip Nadia von Holzen and Nadia Lanfranchi would like to make you check over your presentation strategies. What is key to an engaging presentation? Are there alternatives to Powerpoint? And what should be considered in order to avoid Powerpoint’s pitfalls? (more…)

Blog reading? Reasons to read our sdclan Blog

August 22, 2012 LND Methods & Tools

Rating: none

Nadia von HolzenNadia LanfranchiThis blog post asks about the motivation of reading our sdclan Blog. We are curious to know why you – dear blog reader – are with us, week for week, reading our posts and the posts of our guests. (more…)

NEWS & TRENDS June 2012

June 06, 2012 LND Methods & Tools

Rating: none

HIGHLIGHT

Innovation. It all starts with an idea.

(more…)

Facing the Social Media Challenge

May 01, 2012 LND Methods & Tools

Rating: none

Jovan KurbalijaA new form of influencing policy-making is emerging thanks to the Internet. The Arab Spring, anti-ACTA protests, the Occupy movement, pirate parties have at least one thing in common: they all share the  Internet as an enabler. On the Internet, protest movements coordinate activities and manage to reach out to the global public. Governments and international organisations cannot ignore this substantive change. Jovan Kurbalija, in his contribution, discusses challenges facing governments and organisations in getting involved in the social media space. (more…)

SDC Networks – In the Shaping

April 17, 2012 LND SDC Networks

Rating: none

Manuel FluryIn 2008 SDC has introduced networks as “caretakers” of knowledge and competence. Networks imply a particular mode of work, less hierarchical and self-managed. In what ways have the networks led to a changed way of learning? Could SDC secure its competence and operational quality? There are no final answers yet. The networks are developing their particular shapes and modes of sharing and learning. The key challenge remains for SDC and its collaborators: To engage in sharing in a trustful environment, both personally and institutionally. (more…)

E-collaboration at the FDFA

April 10, 2012 LND Learning Elsewhere, Methods & Tools

Rating: none

Andreas SchoeneAfter Riff Fullan’s comprehensive contribution on e-collaboration and on its prerequisites, in this blog post Andreas Schöne concentrates on more general terms of information management and on the e-collaboration infrastructure to be expected in the near future for FDFA employees and external partners. (more…)

Visualization in Development Cooperation – On Photo Contests and Info Graphics

April 03, 2012 LND Methods & Tools, SDC Experiences

Rating: none

Nadia Lanfranchi

Today knowledge exchange is based to a great extent on written communication. Sometimes it seems that the ability to visualize ideas, to tell stories through pictures has been lost. Simultaneously we are exposed more than ever to non-verbal modes of communication, especially through photography and film. This post takes the tension between a widespread availability of easy-to-handle visualization tools and their comparatively poor integration into daily work processes as a starting point. In a video interview Anandsaikhan Nyamdavaa, National Programme Officer for SDC in Mongolia, shares with us experiences made by the Cooperation Office when trying to incorporate visual methods into different steps of the project cycle – from the kick-off event through to the report writing. (more…)

The beauty of networks: smart, dynamic, innovative

March 20, 2012 Blog-Admin1 Learning Elsewhere

Rating: none

Nadia von Holzen

In her blog post Nadia von Holzen reflects on the nature of networks, on their constitution, texture and driving force. Networks shouldn’t be taken as rigid entities, they are driven by people and their engagement and are thus propelled by an inner dynamic. Networks grow, evolve and move and it is the network’s members who breathe life into this loose conglomerate transforming it into something similar to a living organism. Therefore networks are pivotal to a learning organization as they comprise essential qualities to manage, transform and generate knowledge. (more…)

The Reo II Tools and its possible consequences and impacts

January 24, 2012 LND SDC Experiences

Rating: none

CGADA6

Reorganisation in SDC brought fourth a set of new or adapted tools aiming to optimize the impact of SDC’s work. From his personal perspective, a  former SDC colleague casts a critical eye on these tools and the capacity of  field offices to put them into practice and suggests a series of measures to tackle the related challenges. (more…)

Knowledge Champions in Development Organisations: a Key Way to Promote Knowledge Sharing and Learning?

January 17, 2012 LND Learning Elsewhere

Rating: none

By Riff Fullan

2010_riff_fullan copyAt an organisational level, efforts to support greater knowledge management and learning can get ‘stuck’ within a mechanistic approach, designing structures or tools when one of the most important things to think about is people and how we can create the right conditions for them to interact in productive ways. The idea of having a variety of staff playing pivotal roles in enabling greater knowledge transfer – in other words, having Knowledge Champions – is one that is well worth exploring as a complement to other institutional knowledge management efforts. (more…)

NEWS December 2011

December 06, 2011 LND Methods & Tools

Rating: none

HIGHLIGHT

Collegial Coaching is a process that draws on experiences and practices of professional colleagues in order to share new ideas, teach one another or solve a problem. Watch this entertaining clip to get a clear idea of the mechanisms of this useful tool. Or go to the Learning & Networking Website to get more information on Collegial Coaching.

  (more…)

Visual Methods in Development Cooperation – Beyond Social Reporting

November 15, 2011 LND Methods & Tools

Rating: none

By Kuno Schläfli and Nadia Lanfranchi

NadiaKuno SchläfliLast week the Democratisation and Local Governance Network (DLGN) and the Multimedia Group of SDC organised a workshop to explore and debate the potentials of incorporating visual methods in development cooperation. It was an occasion to dig deeper into the field, to gain insight on which possibilities open up if new communication technologies are integrated into social processes and projects. Thus, with respect to social reporting as an instrument to report collectively and in real time from face to face conferences or other events, the discussed methodologies go one step further. They aim at involving the real beneficiaries of development projects into the project cycle and seek to give them a voice and to enable others to listen to their stories. (more…)

Revisiting Storytelling

October 25, 2011 LND Methods & Tools

Rating: 4.2 out of 5

By Riff Fullan, Helvetas Swiss Intercooperation

2010_riff_fullan copy“If many people from different hierarchies and countries come together there are always those who think they know less about a subject and participate less in the discussion. They may be afraid to say something wrong. To start with personal stories demonstrates that everyone has a valuable experience to share and we can share it in the language we feel comfortable” (reflection of SDC gender team member on using stories in a workshop context, SDC Story Guide, p. 30).

Conscious engagement with storytelling for knowledge sharing and learning began almost 10 years ago within SDC and was pursued with some energy, especially in the first years. (more…)